Dheeraj Kumar



The farming industry is witnessing the emergence of several cutting-edge technologies. For instance, blockchain technology is being utilised to create transparent and traceable supply chains, ensuring food safety and quality. Additionally, Internet of Things (IoT) devices are enabling farmers to remotely monitor and control various aspects of their farms, including livestock management, crop irrigation, and greenhouse environments.

Share this Article

In India agriculture is one of the most  important sectors. Without agriculture, we can’t even imagine a world without it.  Agriculture plays a significant role in India's economy, providing livelihoods to the major population of the country. 

To complete the growing demand for food and the challenges faced by farmers, overcome by innovative technologies by transforming the agricultural landscape in India.

These new technologies empower farmers with advanced tools, improving crop yields, sustainability, and profitability.

Here in this blog, we will explore some of the latest technologies that are revolutionising farming practices in India.

Precision Farming

Precision farming, also known as smart farming, involves using technologies such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS), sensors, and data analytics to optimise farm management. With precision farming, farmers can precisely monitor and control various parameters like soil moisture, nutrient levels, and pest infestations. By collecting real-time data, farmers can make informed decisions about irrigation, fertilization, and crop protection, resulting in improved yields, reduced resource wastage, and cost savings.

Agriculture Technology Services: Bridging the Gap

Agriculture technology services have emerged as valuable resources for farmers, providing them with access to cutting-edge tools, knowledge, and expertise. These services assist farmers in implementing and managing advanced agricultural practices, optimizing crop production, and adopting sustainable farming techniques. By leveraging agriculture technology services, farmers can make informed decisions, enhance resource management, and improve overall farm operations.

Agri-Tech Startups in India: Pioneers of Innovation

India has witnessed a significant rise in agri-tech startups, harnessing technology to address the unique challenges faced by farmers. These startups offer a wide range of solutions, from smart irrigation systems to precision agriculture tools, crop monitoring software to market linkage platforms. By leveraging data analytics, machine learning, and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, agri-tech startups are transforming the agricultural landscape in India and promoting sustainable and profitable farming practices.


Agriculture Management System Software: Streamlining Farm Operations

Agriculture management system software provides farmers with comprehensive tools to streamline and automate various aspects of farm management. These software solutions enable efficient planning, monitoring, and analysis of crop production, inventory management, financial tracking, and resource utilisation. By centralising data and simplifying farm operations, agriculture management system software helps farmers optimise productivity, reduce costs, and make data-driven decisions.

Agribusiness Software: Powering Farm-to-Fork Supply Chains

Agribusiness software serves as a bridge between farmers and consumers, facilitating seamless coordination and transparency across the entire supply chain. These software solutions enable farmers to track and trace their produce, manage logistics, and connect directly with buyers. Agribusiness software promotes fair pricing, reduces post-harvest losses, and ensures better market access for farmers, ultimately leading to increased profitability and improved livelihoods.

Farming Apps for Smartphones: Knowledge at Your Fingertips

Farming apps have become invaluable tools for farmers, providing them with instant access to relevant information, weather forecasts, market prices, and farming tips. These smartphone applications assist farmers in crop planning, pest and disease management, irrigation scheduling, and financial management.  These apps also provide chat support services to farmers where they can interact with agronomists and solve their agricultural problems.  

Farming apps empower farmers with real-time data and enable them to make informed decisions on the go, enhancing productivity and reducing risks.

Drone Services for Agriculture: Aerial Precision and Efficiency

Drones have emerged as game-changers in agriculture, offering unparalleled capabilities for aerial monitoring and data collection. These unmanned aerial vehicles can capture high-resolution images, multispectral data, and thermal imaging, providing farmers with valuable insights into crop health, irrigation needs, and pest infestations. Drone services enable precision agriculture, helping farmers optimise resource allocation, detect issues early, and make targeted interventions, ultimately leading to improved yields and reduced environmental impact.

Vertical Farming and Hydroponics

As land availability becomes limited, vertical farming and hydroponics are gaining popularity in India. Vertical farming involves growing crops in vertically stacked layers using controlled environments, artificial lighting, and soilless cultivation. Hydroponics, on the other hand, is a method of growing plants without soil, using nutrient-rich water solutions. These technologies enable year-round cultivation in urban areas, reduce the usage of water, decrease the need for pesticides, and increase land productivity. Vertical farming and hydroponics offer a sustainable solution to produce fresh, high-quality food in a limited space. 

Robotics and Automation

Robotics and automation are transforming various aspects of agriculture, from planting and harvesting to weed control and monitoring of the crop. Autonomous robots can perform tasks like seeding, precision spraying, and crop monitoring with high precision and efficiency. Drones with sensors and cameras can provide aerial imaging, crop health analysis, and even targeted spraying. These technologies save labor costs, reduce human errors, and enhance the overall productivity of farming.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are revolutionising agriculture by analysing large amounts of data and help in generating actionable insights. AI-powered algorithms can predict weather patterns, spreading of disease, and pest infestations, It allows farmers to take preventive measures in advance. Machine learning algorithms can also optimise crop yields by analysing historical data and identifying the best farming practices. AI and ML technologies empower farmers with intelligent decision-making capabilities and enable them to achieve higher efficiency and profitability.

Advanced Technology in Agriculture:

Advancements in technology have paved the way for groundbreaking innovations in agriculture. One of the most notable technologies is precision agriculture, which involves the use of sensors, drones, and satellite imagery to collect and analyse data for precise decision-making. This enables farmers to optimise water and fertiliser usage, monitor crop health, and detect potential issues before they escalate.

The Technology Revolution in Agriculture:

The agricultural industry is currently experiencing a revolution driven by technology. From robotic systems that can autonomously perform tasks such as harvesting and weeding to smart irrigation systems that adjust water supply based on weather conditions and soil moisture levels, these advancements are streamlining farming operations and reducing manual labour.

Emerging Technology in Agriculture:

Several emerging technologies hold immense promise for the future of agriculture. For instance, vertical farming and indoor farming are revolutionising the concept of traditional farming by utilising stacked layers or controlled environments to grow crops in urban areas, optimising land, and resource utilisation. Additionally, gene editing techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 offer the potential to develop crops with enhanced traits, such as disease resistance and increased yield.

Improvements in Agriculture Technology:

Continuous improvements in agricultural technology are addressing various challenges faced by farmers. For example, smart sensors embedded in the soil can provide real-time data on moisture levels, temperature, and nutrient content, allowing farmers to make data-driven decisions and optimise crop growth. Furthermore, advanced machinery and equipment, such as autonomous tractors and planters, are enhancing efficiency and reducing the workload on farmers.

Latest Farming Technology:

The farming industry is witnessing the emergence of several cutting-edge technologies. For instance, blockchain technology is being utilised to create transparent and traceable supply chains, ensuring food safety and quality. Additionally, Internet of Things (IoT) devices are enabling farmers to remotely monitor and control various aspects of their farms, including livestock management, crop irrigation, and greenhouse environments.

Innovative Technology in Agriculture:

Innovation is thriving in the agricultural sector, with unique technological solutions being developed to address specific challenges. For example, machine learning algorithms are being used to analyse vast amounts of agricultural data and provide valuable insights for decision-making. Furthermore, biopesticides and biological control methods are gaining popularity as eco-friendly alternatives to chemical pesticides, reducing environmental impact.

Latest Techniques in Agriculture:

In addition to technological advancements, novel techniques are being adopted to optimise agricultural practices. One such technique is regenerative agriculture, which focuses on building soil health, enhancing biodiversity, and reducing chemical inputs. It promotes sustainable farming practices that benefit both the environment and farmers' profitability.

Unnati’s Role in Technology

Well Unnati brings a lot in its vision of harnessing digital technologies and providing user-friendly insights to the farm entrepreneur. With soil data, image data of fields that provides access to real-time information, transaction history for the farm, and satellite data, it's now becoming possible to glean this data for actionable insights. These advanced data analytics tools used by Unnati enable farmers to make informed decisions about their farm business.

While there are more long-term decisions that will affect the next crop cycle, Apart from that there are also benefits in making real-time decisions that impact the quality and quantity of output in the same crop cycle.

The major objective of Unnati is to get farmers onto a single digital platform that nurtures farm entrepreneurship and this also becomes a holistic ecosystem for the farm entrepreneur. Unnati has banking services to crop-specific advisory as well, When the brand reaches to the farmer, at every step these work to create a sustainable future.


Agricultural forecasting is made easy when farmers deploy (AI/ML) Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning & Data Science technology. The use of scanning and spectral imaging/spectral analysis, for example, can help farmers predict weather scenarios and optimise the use of resources required for irrigation and pest control. After a few days, Farmers will be able to use the technology of scanning a particular crop and they will be able to find the result of the agricultural problem.

Through (AI/ML) Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning & data science technology, farmers can analyze their fields for the best locations for planting seeds. They can also use the vision of the unnati app to recognize plants, and crops of optimal height, width, and spacing. Unnati also provides solutions for farmers’ problems,  agronomy consulting services, etc.

Regenerative Agriculture

Regenerative agriculture is a word that is described by The World Economic Forum as the way forward to decarbonize the food system and make farming resilient to climate shocks. This unconventional farming practice work based on five fundamental principles which are as follows:-
• Improve soil health by using all measures that will lessen soil disturbance;
• Promote biodiversity by integrating plants and animals;
• Conserve soil by keeping as much of the soil's surface covered as you can.
• Maintain living roots by planting perennial crops or cover crops;
• Practise crop diversity by cultivating different crops on the same field.

The adoption of new technologies in agriculture is ushering in a new era of innovative farming practices in India. Similarly, Unnati also works in agri tech and fintech domain in agri industry. Unnati is also among them. Unnati is also among top 10 Agri Fintech Startups in India in 2023.


Internet, sensor technology, vertical farming, robotics, AI, ML, and blockchain are revolutionizing the way farmers grow, manage, and sell their produce. These technologies offer immense potential to enhance productivity, conserve resources, minimise environmental impact, and increase farmers' income.


It is crucial for the government, agricultural institutions, and private sector stakeholders to collaborate and promote the adoption of these technologies, ensuring that Indian farmers can leverage the benefits of innovation and secure a sustainable future for agriculture.



How does tech play an important role in agriculture?


Technology plays a crucial and transformative role in agriculture, revolutionising the way farming operations are conducted and driving significant advancements in the industry.

What is the role of AI in agriculture?

Ai's role is becoming extremely important in the field of agriculture. Ai technologies offer advanced data analytics and machine learning capabilities, enabling farmers to make data-driven decisions, optimise operations and improve overall productivity.

What is the role of ML in agriculture?

ML in agriculture helps predict crop yields, detect diseases and pests, optimise resource allocation, and provide personalised crop management recommendations, improving productivity and sustainability.